At the Olympics and Commonwealth Games target shooting is divided into the separate disciplines of rifle, pistol and shotgun. Rifle shooting can be prone, kneeling or standing. Pistol shooting is performed standing and firing at targets 10, 25 and 50 metres. Shotgun events take place while standing and the body moves to follow a moving clay. Skeet involves a clay being fired from two "houses" high and low using a shotgun out of the shoulder. Trap or double trap utilises clays originating from a pit in front of the shooter who has the shotgun positioned ready in the shoulder.
Shooting, like most sports, requires skill and practice to achieve a high level of performance. The expert shooter or archer, apart from requiring steady hands, strength and concentration, will need to have excellent eyesight and be able to control the presence of any glare.
The coaching manuals refer to the
which is the "in sight relationship" and the
which is the relationship of the sight picture to the area of target being aimed at.
THE COLT 45 PISTOL
THE COLT 45
Designed by John Browning and manufactured by Colt, the Colt 45 has been in use for nearly 100 YEARS. This extraordinary heritage is largely due to its exceptional design and outstanding manufacturing quality. Nearly 3 MILLION of these guns have been produced by Colt and have been widely used in military, police and special forces. The Colt 45 gun saw military duty in 2 world wars, the Korean War, the Vietnam War and up UNTIL RECENTLY it was the sidearm of choice for the US Armed Forces.
BANNED FOR TREATING EYE CONDITION
In August 2008, the Former Russian Olympic shooting champion Sergei Alifirenko was banned from the Beijing Olympic Games for failing a drug test, after taking medicine for glaucoma. He was expelled from the Russian Olympic squad after he was shown to have taken the banned substance dexametazon as part of a course of treatment for his eye disease. Under international shooting rules, the 39-year-old could face a ban of up to two years.
Michael Gault and Nicholas Baxter are shown (see left) retaining their Commonwealth pistol title to win England's first shooting gold of the Commonwealth Games 2002. It was Gault's sixth Commonwealth gold medal and Baxter's third.
THE RIGHT TINT?
All lenses used outdoors should provide protection from UVA and UVB no matter how dark the tint. Lenses should not be too dark as they enlarge the pupil unnecessarily, reduce depth of field and hence the quality of vision. To decide on the best tint you should consider the brightness of the ambient light, the colour of the target and background and its contrast.
BRONZE is a good all purpose tint for skeet, trap and clays as well as being the tint of choice for hunting.
ORANGE is a good all round tint for orange targets.
RED and PINK are effective tints for hunting and highlighting orange, green and black targets. They also reduce the effect of a green background, such as grass, trees and shrubs. Red tints can improve colour differentiation for people with a colour vision problem.
Anti-reflection coatings can be applied to all lenses to reduce annoying reflections from the lens surfaces and they allow better light transmission on dull days.
ZEISS SHOOTING SPECS
Top quality brand name Zeiss shooting spectacles with special height adjustable bridge, large lenses to any tint and curl sides with special gripping rubber covering all for £225.00 to most prescriptions. Out of range prescriptions may be available for an extra charge. Click here to view the shooting spectacles in more detail.
Archery is the art of toxophily and is a separate sport from shooting although optically the two have similarities. Archers project arrows at a distance which is about the length of three tennis courts into something which is the size of a grapefruit. There are various disciplines of archery including target, field, clout, flight and popinjay.
Target Archery is the current Olympic form of the sport and takes place on flat terrain with archers shooting a certain number of arrows at targets over known distances of up to 90 metres for men and 70 metres for women.
Field archery is derived from hunting and takes place on a course of targets set out in rough terrain such as woodland.
Clout Archery is similar to target, except that the archer attempts to drop arrows at long range (180 yards for the men and 140 yards for women) into a series of circular scoring zones on the ground surrounding a marker flag (the clout).
Flight Archery is a form of archery that can only take place where space permits since archers compete by shooting for sheer distance.
Popinjay (meaning parrot) is derived from shooting birds on church steeples. Popinjay archers stand near the bottom of a 90 foot mast and shoot almost vertically upwards using arrows with rubber caps known as 'blunts'. The object is to dislodge wooden birds on a set of cross-pieces at the top of the mast.